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Inventing Human Rights: A History ePub download

by Lynn Hunt

  • Author: Lynn Hunt
  • ISBN: 0393060950
  • ISBN13: 978-0393060959
  • ePub: 1994 kb | FB2: 1378 kb
  • Language: English
  • Category: Politics & Government
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton (March 19, 2007)
  • Pages: 272
  • Rating: 4.1/5
  • Votes: 275
  • Format: mbr lit doc lrf
Inventing Human Rights: A History ePub download

Read Lynn Hunt’s excellent book, and then continue on to the others I recommend and keep learning.

Read Lynn Hunt’s excellent book, and then continue on to the others I recommend and keep learning. We are losing our humanity – social media and hate are taking it from us – lets rediscover our humanity, and with it the rights not of ourselves but of others.

Inventing human rights : a history. by. Hunt, Lynn Avery. urn:acs6:nt:pdf:4fc-9e73a7b3a9ae urn:acs6:nt:epub:0fb-8ef9b7a905be urn:oclc:record:1035754413. University of Alberta Libraries.

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These are the questions Lynn Hunt has sought to answer in this remarkable little book. Indeed, because she covers so much ground in so few pages and with such clarity, Inventing Human Rights is a tour de force of compression. Hunt, the Eugen Weber professor of modern European history at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a distinguished expert on 18th-century France, says that human rights require three interlocking qualities: rights must be natural (inherent in human beings), equal (the same for everyone) and universal (applicable everywhere).

How were human rights invented, and how does their tumultuous history influence their perception and our ability to protect them today? From Professor Lynn Hunt comes this extraordinary cultural and intellectual history, which traces the roots of human rights to the rejection of torture a. .

How were human rights invented, and how does their tumultuous history influence their perception and our ability to protect them today? From Professor Lynn Hunt comes this extraordinary cultural and intellectual history, which traces the roots of human rights to the rejection of torture as a means for finding the truth. She demonstrates how ideas of human relationships portrayed in novels and art helped spread these new ideals and how human rights continue to be contested today. Categories: Other Social Sciences\Politics.

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Week 3 (10/7 – 9) Law and American Society in History Hunt, Inventing Human Rights, pp. 113-175. Karl Llewellyn, bio AND This Case System: Precedent, excerpt from The Bramble Bush: Our Law and Its Study (Oceana Publications, 1951), pp. 56-69

How were human rights invented, and what is their turbulent history?Human rights is a concept that only came to the forefront during the eighteenth century. When the American Declaration of Independence declared "all men are created equal" and the French proclaimed the Declaration of the Rights of Man during their revolution, they were bringing a new guarantee into the world. But why then? How did such a revelation come to pass? In this extraordinary work of cultural and intellectual history, Professor Lynn Hunt grounds the creation of human rights in the changes that authors brought to literature, the rejection of torture as a means of finding out truth, and the spread of empathy. Hunt traces the amazing rise of rights, their momentous eclipse in the nineteenth century, and their culmination as a principle with the United Nations's proclamation in 1948. She finishes this work for our time with a diagnosis of the state of human rights today.
In my first year of humanitarian work I was called on to help start up a program in Kosovo after the end of that bloody conflict. Ethnic cleansing they called it, genocide without the murder I suppose. I was 21 or 22, wet behind the ears – young and idealistic. I was going to change the world! I went into Kosovo walking alongside the new UN government, setting up shop in Prisren as we all began to work with the people who were returning in rivers from Albania and Macedonia to help winterize their homes for the coming frigid Kosovar winters and to get winter wheat planted before the earth became frozen and hard; a crop to begin that painful process of recovery.

From there, after the program was on its way, I was sent into the Democratic Republic of the Congo – Goma specifically and Bukavu where the second civil war had just started. Who knew it was going to be the worst war since WWII. Africa’s world war. I was still green – and plunged from one crisis to the next, literally flying from Tirana in to Kigali and driving across the border into Goma – I was struck by the difference between these two conflicts.

Kosovo – a population of maybe two million. The response? 35,000 NATO soldiers; every NGO on the planet (including “Clowns Without Borders” – its nice to know Clowns also have no borders); every UN agency. The work divided up into quadrants, funds flowing in for relief work which were staggering in their scope. Then Congo – I was there even before the incompetent peacekeepers. Uruguayans setting up prostitution rings, but this was before then. The sound of the silence of Congo’s civil war was deafening. In Kosovo we’d had the beating of helicopters and the crunch of friendly tanks and the huge parties with hundreds of foreigners who had come to help the little blond refugees. In Congo? A few haggard aid workers chain smoking and drinking themselves into early graves.

There has been much written on this of course, donor fatigue and the like. But all the analysis comes down to one word – empathy. With whom we identify has a great role in how we react to the evils we see around us.

I just finished reading Lynn Hunt’s well-written book “Inventing Human Rights”. First what it is not, it is not a story about westerners inventing human rights. Human rights – by their very “self-evident” nature have always existed; they weren’t dreamt up in a bar in Oxford or Geneva. The book might better be called “Re-discovering Human Rights” but I’d probably go with a different title – “Human Rights and the Discovery of Empathy”. Because that’s what this book is about. It is a well-researched and well-written account of how, coming out of the renaissance and the enlightenment and the industrial revolution people in western Europe began to rediscover their humanity, but more importantly the humanity of others, through the process of empathizing. The author chooses an interesting entry into this topic, the beginning of novel-writing in Europe. And how reading novels like Clarissa helped revolutionize the way people thought about other people by putting themselves in others’ shoes – in the abstract. The book then goes into the epic fights (legislative and in public opinion) against torture; on writing the different declarations which we hold now almost for granted; the pitched battle against slavery – as step by step humans rediscovered why we are different, and above the animals. Lynn avoids the religious arguments into the “Truths we hold self-evident” or the “Laws of God written on the hearts of men” or the “Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God” – which is why the book is misnamed. Nevertheless as one in an endless series of tomes to help us figure out how we saved ourselves as a species from the rack and debtors prisons and enslavement – “Inventing Human Rights” belongs alongside others such as “Liberalism: The Life of an Idea” and “The Triumph of Liberty” to lead us in understanding the nature – and responsibility – of our humanity.

The case that the greatest piece of technological advancement in history was Gutenberg’s press is one that could be well-argued using this book; that is when everything started changing in the west – and the world.

On a personal note – I am very glad she started with making the case for fiction (a novel), and I feel somewhat vindicated for the sneers I receive in choosing literary fiction as my avenue for expression. There are too many people today who arrogantly and ignorantly announce to the world “I don’t read fiction” – probably not even knowing what they’re saying. Empathy – it is what I try to do with my fiction, to connect people to situations that they probably don’t think of. “I, Charles, From the Camps” the first person account of a black man from a refugee camp who becomes an LRA soldier in Uganda. “Lords of Misrule” about a Tuareg boy who joins jihad.

But I digress. Read Lynn Hunt’s excellent book, and then continue on to the others I recommend and keep learning. We are losing our humanity – social media and hate are taking it from us – lets rediscover our humanity, and with it the rights not of ourselves but of others.
Just finished to read L. Hunt's text with many notes and notes, I write a review to say that:
- the compilation work was well set up with the use of his own resources or other historians;
- the historical precedents to reach 1789 are partially ignored; to get to "interiority" and "empathy" we started from Humanism and we crossed the Renaissance through literature and art to reach "self-awareness" and get out of deo-centrism.
- rightly focuses on the work questioned but profitable during the first four years of the French Revolution, but the various non-French prior events are omitted as: the closure of the Tribunal of the Inquisition and related torture in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1742 (first in the world) after the case of Tommaso Crudeli, the abolition of the death penalty of November 30, 1786 with which the Grand Duke Leopoldo of Lorraine-Tuscany again brought Tuscany to be the first in the world. And this is a relevant historical fact that we can ignore.
- rightly compares the scope of the deepening of the French Revolution with the superficial one of the American Revolution, without however taking away the merit of being the first in the world to affirm Human Rights.
- on the question of women is detailed only in the statements of various judges, writers and nobles of the time; Hunt does not touch at all the role of the Church and of the other two monotheistic religions in which migsogyny is inherent in their structure, as we can still see today. The "female" consideration of the minimum human dignity if nothing, saves and increases the priestly role of the male who imposes his position above it in the self-referential hierarchy and which consequently reaffirms itself in civil society.

The work is a good long-term contribution to the project the affirmation of Human Rights, which, if it had been upset in the XX century, after the WWII took effect again at least in Western countries.
Silver Globol
This is a book that finishes much stronger than it starts. The author is trying to track the development of the idea of Human rights in the western civilization and although there is a obviously a need to begin somewhere, the point where the author starts seems a little arbitrary. For this reason I believe that the first and part of the second chapters of the book are the weakest parts. After this, however the book seems to find its stride by tracking the development of the concept of human rights over time with a focus on the Declaration of Independence , The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights. She makes the important point that once the conversation on who should be included in what rights is started the group of those included will inevitably expand. All in all it is a decent introduction to the topic
first of all the book is very well structured with the content. Despite unstable and spreading issues, Lynn Hunt gathers and assimilated issues extraordinarily from third chapter. So first two chapter might embarrass and confuse you a bit, but a gradual and patient read ahead will make everything Crystal clear.

Her analysis of evolution of human rights from rights of Man and torture is well compiled, addictive and brilliantly arranged for general understanding. Her writing of torture and change in prison and legal system makes me call her 'Simple Foucault'. Final chapter is equally persuasive wot her proper and unbiased analysis of the gestation of current Universal Declaration.
Inventing Human Rights isn't really about the invention of human rights, but about the development of political rights. Out of five chapters, it isn't until the fourth chapter that it becomes clear that Hunt isn't talking about human rights. The first four chapters drag on quite a bit with overly detailed case studies that don't seem to really provide a convincing argument and only the fifth and final chapter was actually enjoyable as pertaining to human rights.
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