Coltan ePub download

by Michael Nest

  • Author: Michael Nest
  • ISBN: 0745649319
  • ISBN13: 978-0745649313
  • ePub: 1380 kb | FB2: 1290 kb
  • Language: English
  • Category: Industries
  • Publisher: Polity; 1 edition (April 11, 2011)
  • Pages: 200
  • Rating: 4.1/5
  • Votes: 162
  • Format: lrf azw docx doc
Coltan ePub download

FREE shipping on qualifying offers. A decade ago no one except geologists had heard of tantalum or'coltan' - an obscure mineral that is an essential ingredient inmobile phones and laptops.

FREE shipping on qualifying offers.

Michael Nest writes well, but most importantly in a book like this, resists the tempation of emotionally manupulative narratives in favour of cool reason

Michael Nest writes well, but most importantly in a book like this, resists the tempation of emotionally manupulative narratives in favour of cool reason. He makes good point about the relatively unremarkable status of coltan as a "conflict mineral" despite the media and legislative focus in the US and A desperately depressing look at the broader consequences of unregulated exploitation of valuable mineral resources, through a lens focussed on colombite-tantalum, "coltan", mining in the Congo.

In this excellent book Michael Nest examines whether the cycles of violence in an impoverished region are . In this brilliant primer, Nest demonstrates that coltan is only one source among many of the conflicts in Congo.

In this excellent book Michael Nest examines whether the cycles of violence in an impoverished region are caused by the behaviour of wealthy consumers. He ably gets behind the headlines and NGO press releases to uncover the real and lasting role that this key resource has played in Congo's unending struggles. John F. Clark, Florida International University.

Nest examines the challenges coltan initiatives face in an. .The village of Coletune is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book, its change o.

Nest examines the challenges coltan initiatives face in an 'crowded with competing justice issues, and identifies lessons from coltan initiatives for the geopolitics of global resources more generally. Coltan - This is a locational surname, which derives from the village of Colaton Raleigh in the English county of Devon. All the early surname recordings are found in this area. Surnames reference. coltan - noun A metallic ore from which is extracted the elements niobium and tantalum Syn: columbite tantalite.

In this interview, Dr. Michael Nest discusses the political, environmental, ethical and social issues . Michael Nest discusses the political, environmental, ethical and social issues surrounding the mining of columbite–tantalite (coltan). As I outlined in my book Coltan on p. 9-50, specific environmental effects of artisanal coltan mining include the following: Forest clearance to expose soil for mining; Cutting of timber to build worker camps

Nest, Michael (2011) Coltan. Polity Press: Cambridge, UK. Power, Michael (2002) Digging to development?: a historical look at mining and economic development. Oxfam America: Boston, MA.

Nest, Michael (2011) Coltan. Rauxloh, Regina (2007) A call for the end of impunity for multinational corporations.

Book's title: Coltan Michael Nest. Library of Congress Control Number: 2011283327. Personal Name: Nest, Michael Wallace. Publication, Distribution, et. Cambridge, UK ; Malden, MA, USA. International Standard Book Number (ISBN): 0745649319. International Standard Book Number (ISBN): 9780745649313.

Tome Sandevski, 2014. Coltan by Michael Nest. Cambridge : Polity Press, 2011. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Michael Nest books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. Democratic Republic of Congo.

A decade ago no one except geologists had heard of tantalum or'coltan' - an obscure mineral that is an essential ingredient inmobile phones and laptops. Then, in 2000, reports began to leak outof Congo: of mines deep in the jungle where coltan was extracted inbrutal conditions watched over by warlords. The United Nations senta team to investigate, and its exposé of the relationshipbetween violence and the exploitation of coltan and other naturalresources contributed to a re-examination of scholarship on themotivations and strategies of armed groups.

The politics of coltan encompass rebel militias, transnationalcorporations, determined activists, Hollywood celebrities, the riseof China, and the latest iGadget. Drawing on Congolese and activistvoices, Nest analyses the two issues that define coltan politics:the relationship between coltan and violence in the Congo, andcontestation between activists and corporations to reshape theglobal tantalum supply chain. The way production and trade ofcoltan is organised creates opportunities for armed groups, but theCongo wars are not solely, or even primarily, about coltan orminerals generally. Nest argues the political significance ofcoltan lies not in its causal link to violence, but in activists'skillful use of mobile phones as a symbol of how ordinary peopleand transnational corporations far from Africa are implicated inCongo's coltan industry and therefore its conflict. Nest examinesthe challenges coltan initiatives face in an activist 'marketplace'crowded with competing justice issues, and identifies lessons fromcoltan initiatives for the geopolitics of global resources moregenerally.

If you are familiar with the standard point of view about "Conflict Minerals" that uses body counts in the five million plus range, this books tries to look at this problem in a more objective tone. I know it is hard to be objective when people are being victimized by tribal militias in the Democratic Republic of Congo, but too many exposes on this matter seem to think that the higher the body count, the more likely people are to respond. There is indeed a HUGE human toll that is taking place in the mines of the DRC and then black market prices for tantalum continue to foster an environment of low priced cell phones that keep this deadly cycle going. Part of the objectivity in this book relates the author's views about ten (10) initiatives for changing the rules of how coltan and other conflict minerals are being dealt with internationally. This is more than helpful since many books will only deal with their points of view about these issues and their focus will also tend to be built around a rationale for justifying their own positions.

This could be a first book for anyone wanting to know more about Conflict Minerals but my guess is that it will not be. Most people come to this issue from an impassioned point of view and look to have their pre-suppositions reinforced and for many readers this will not happen. But that is why I highly recommend the book so that multiple sides of this issue become more vivid.
The authors doesn't know what he is talking about. He is denying the role played by coltan in the occupation of Congo by Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi. I wonder on which basis he is doing that as different UN panels and other Non-Governmental organizations after meticulous investigations say exactly the contrary of what the author says in this book. There is also a problem to understand the author as he put together facts that happened in different places and time. Furthermore, some facts are just his one creation. Can he tell us where coltan mines are located in Rwanda or Uganda? Can he explain us why these countries were not exporting coltan and minerals before there invasion of Congo since 1996? I can't recommend this book!
This is not the kind of book one reads for pleasure. It is an interesting account of coltan (a source of tantalum) in Africa, and especially about the several organizations that are attempting to get manufacturers to avoid coltan from African, rather similar to the blood diamonds of recent controversy. The substance is very important in the manufacture of devices such as cell phones and laptops.

One important detail is that Nest debunks the commonly cited statistic that 80% of coltan originates in the DRC--Democratic Republic of the Congo, once named Zaire. Nest says the total is closer to 10%. There is still concern that mining and marketing the substance takes place under lawless conditions of great violence. As in blood diamonds, if manufacturers can be persuaded to use alternative sources, the market might shrivel and the evils perpetrated might cease. So goes the theory. The conditions described may already have changed because the book is several years old at this point, and the situations on the ground and in the market change quickly.

The author says that the groups concerned with coltan have indeed brought the issue to public attention, and have been effective in that part of their goal. However, as Western manufacturers find other sources, he argues, all that happens in that the Chinese move in.

There is another major point made here. Organizations concerned with issues like these typically do not have African members and really do not know the African point of view. Future movements must involve local Africans for issues like these, or the efforts will be in vain.
I have to admit I didn't really know very much about coltan before reading this book. I knew it had something to do with mobile phones and came from a war-torn part of Africa and that was about it. But after reading this, I not only know a lot more about coltan, I also know lot more about the role of such substances not just in funding various murderous militias but in global trade - and thus politics - generally.

The term 'coltan' as it is used in this book:

' an abbreviation of columbite-tantalite, a mixture of two mineral ores, and is the common name for these ores in eastern Congo. Tantalum is the name of the metal extracted from tantalite-bearing ores, including coltan, after processing.' (P3)

There are many other parts of the world where tantalite ore may be found, but 'coltan' specifically refers to the ore mined in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Most tantalite sources are exploited by global mining conglomerates. Coltan is different as it is extracted by 'artisanal' means - by individual miners digging it up wherever they can find it. It is implicated in the funding of the continuing armed struggles in the DRC and is considered a 'blood mineral' in the same sense as 'blood diamonds'.

This book sets about exploring not only the nature of coltan mining in the DRC but all associated issues - the full supply chain, from digging it out of the ground through to its use in mobile phones and laptop computers.

The book consists of just five chapters: 1. Facts, figures and myths, 2. Organization of Production and Markets, 3. Coltan and conflict, 4. Advocacy, campaigns and initiatives and 5. The future of coltan politics.

Straight away, in chapter 1, the author sets about exploding common myths. The DRC does not hold 80% of the world's supply of tantalite, whether as coltan or otherwise. The figure is nearer 30%. The importance of the coltan deposits in the DRC is directly related to the spot price for the ore on global markets. Most suppliers negotiate long-term contracts with customers, but that is not practical in the DRC because the ore is extracted artisanally and not by global mining companies.

This leads on to chapter 2, where the author examines just how the coltan 'business' is organised in the DRC. As he says:

'First, most of the world's tantalum by quantity and value is produced in large industrial mines using modern methods requiring safety and environmental standards...Second, where tantalum is produced by artisanal and small-scale methods, as is the case in the DRC, production is organised. The physicality of artisanal mining - mud, water, dirt and dust - should not be confused with an absence of order.' (P31)

He goes on to explain why the organisation of the industry in the DRC is as it is, and explores the implications of this.

In chapter 3, the author looks at the relationship between coltan mining and the on-going conflicts in the DRC and neighbouring countries. As such, he paints a far more detailed, historically aware and nuanced picture than is ever presented in the majority of the mass-media. With direct reference to mineral exploitation, he points out that:

'...the interests and strategies of armed groups have evolved. At various times, natural resources have been the most important motivating factor for some armed groups . However, armed groups have always been motivated by a combination of factors, not only natural resources...[Coltan's] significance as a factor in violence has fluctuated over time, from location to location, and in general the significance of coltan has been exaggerated. Coltan is not the most important, or even a major, cause of violence.' (P67)

Chapter 4 looks at the global (or at least western) response to the perceived violence and destruction taking place in the DRC. The author analyses various campaigns - those based on human rights, sexual violence and developmental issues through to those arising from environmental and wild-life concerns.

The author suggests that:

'[t]he difficulty in knowing what to do is partly about confusion around the cause-and-effect relationships between coltan, other minerals, armed groups, mobile phones and violence in the DRC, but also partly about there being so many global justice issues in which to get involved and whether involvement can make a difference.' (P153)

However, he does conclude that some campaigns have been successful, particularly those aimed at companies using tantalum in their products. These mainly western corporates are susceptible to consumer, or end-user, pressure and so campaigns aimed at raising awareness among these groups can be effective.

But in the final chapter, he points out that the increasing involvement of Chinese companies in Africa generally might undermine this success. Are Chinese corporations susceptible to the same sorts of pressures as their western, Korean and Japanese counterparts? Although, he suggests, most such Chinese companies are state-run (this is probably not strictly accurate - they are more likely party-run. See 'The Party' by Richard McGregor) and thus their behaviour might seem to directly reflect on perceptions of China itself, this does not seem to have mitigated Chinese involvement in some fairly unsavoury regimes around the world.

In conclusion, the author states that:

'[t]he issues that define coltan politics - armed groups' efforts to control and tax production and trade in the DRC and international contestation between activists and corporations over the global supply chain - are a story of globalisation.' (P181)

It is not possible to extract the problems in the DRC from a wider context; it is really important to recognise the interconnectedness of the whole coltan chain.

'But let us get to the heart of the matter. What can and should a concerned person do to end the relationship between coltan and war in eastern DRC? The most important step is to learn the facts about natural resources and conflict, so any actions and decisions are taken from an informed position.' (P184)

This book goes a very long way in helping to establish that position. Overall then, this is a highly readable, detailed, calm but committed examination of the relationship between a mineral ore and the social, economic and political turmoil that it can cause.
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