» » Nutrition and Metabolism in Pregnancy: Mother and Fetus

Nutrition and Metabolism in Pregnancy: Mother and Fetus ePub download

by Pedro Rosso

  • Author: Pedro Rosso
  • ISBN: 0195039289
  • ISBN13: 978-0195039283
  • ePub: 1104 kb | FB2: 1239 kb
  • Language: English
  • Category: Medicine
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (October 4, 1990)
  • Pages: 336
  • Rating: 4.2/5
  • Votes: 580
  • Format: mbr txt docx rtf
Nutrition and Metabolism in Pregnancy: Mother and Fetus ePub download

This book addresses nutrition during pregnancy and the effects of nutrient deficiencies on both the mother and fetus from a metabolic and clinical perspective.

This book addresses nutrition during pregnancy and the effects of nutrient deficiencies on both the mother and fetus from a metabolic and clinical perspective. The author focuses on the idea that maternal undernutrition before and during the course of gestation can cause fetal growth retardation and other abnormalities. The book includes information on body composition, me This book addresses nutrition during pregnancy and the effects of nutrient deficiencies on both the mother and fetus from a metabolic and clinical perspective. The book includes information on body composition, metabolic fuels, amino acids, vitamins and minerals, and normal maternal-fetal exchange and fetal growth.

metabolic changes during pregnancy. increase in heart rate 10-15, stroke volume 15-20, cardiac output 30-35 blood volume 30-50, fat mass increase, skinfold thickness found fat gain mostly around thighs suprailiac and scapular areas for carrying excess weight around middle. increase in energy needs 3 2 1, increase in protein needs from 50/day to 60g or more. extra energy is for growth of fetus and placenta and associated maternal tissues like uterine and breast, increased energy cost for carrying a heavier body, increased energy metabolism (cardiac and resp work, net cost for tissue synthesis) increased fat storage. pregnancy weight gain.

nal lipid metabolism on fetal growth and late pregnancy out .

nal lipid metabolism on fetal growth and late pregnancy out-. come, despite the difficulties of lipids crossing the placenta. The gut microbiome in pregnancy has been associated with various maternal metabolic and hormonal markers involved in glucose metabolism. Maternal ketones are of particular interest due to the rise in popularity of low-carbohydrate diets. The extra amount of n-3 fatty acids consumed by the mothers resulted in higher contents of n-3 fatty acids, and of docosahexaenoic acid (22 : 6n-3) in particular, in the phospholipids of umbilical plasma and vessel walls.

During pregnancy, the mother undergoes a variety of physiological and metabolic adjustments. These functional changes make it possible for the mother to sustain fetal growth while protecting her own homeostasis

During pregnancy, the mother undergoes a variety of physiological and metabolic adjustments  . These functional changes make it possible for the mother to sustain fetal growth while protecting her own homeostasis. Estrogen and progesterone produced by the placenta are responsible for most of the changes taking place in the maternal body. These hormones also play a crucial role in establishing an adequate maternal-fetal exchange of nutrients by way of increasing uteroplacental blood flow (Rosso, 1990).

cle{Hoet1978PregnancyMD, title {Pregnancy metabolism, diabetes and the fetus Intelligence of children whose mothers had acetonuria during pregnancy, in Perinatal Factors Affecting Human Development (Sci. H W. Pub. 185), 1969.

cle{Hoet1978PregnancyMD, title {Pregnancy metabolism, diabetes and the fetus. author {Joseph J. Hoet and Elizabeth M. Deuchar}, journal {Ciba Foundation symposium}, year {1978}, volume {63}, pages {. Intelligence of children whose mothers had acetonuria during pregnancy, in Perinatal Factors Affecting Human Development (Sci. Neuropsychological deficits in children of diabetic mothers.

Lipogenesis results from dietary intake, an exaggerated insulin response, and an intensified inhibition of glucagon release. Increasing levels of placental lactogen and a heightened response of adipose tissue to additional lipolytic hormones balance lipogenesis in the fed state. Maternal starvation in late gestation lowers insulin, and lipolysis supervenes.

As mentioned above, maternal under-nutrition causes metabolic and other changes in the foetus, which program its metabolic responses following birth. For example, a foetus that is malnourished adapts by reducing insulin and glucose production

As mentioned above, maternal under-nutrition causes metabolic and other changes in the foetus, which program its metabolic responses following birth. For example, a foetus that is malnourished adapts by reducing insulin and glucose production.

Ketone body metabolism in the mother and fetus. FASEB J 1985; 44: 2347±2351.

This book addresses nutrition during pregnancy and the effects of nutrient deficiencies on both the mother and fetus from a metabolic and clinical perspective. The author focuses on the idea that maternal undernutrition before and during the course of gestation can cause fetal growth retardation and other abnormalities. The book includes information on body composition, metabolic fuels, amino acids, vitamins and minerals, and normal maternal-fetal exchange and fetal growth. Coverage also includes maternal and fetal effects of nutrient deficiencies, with careful attention devoted to protein-energy malnutrition and specific deficiencies. The latter part of the book is more clinically oriented, covering the nutrition care of the normal gravida and of special cases, such as the underweight mother, the teen-age mother, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, women with special diets, and total parenteral nutrition.
E-Books Related to Nutrition and Metabolism in Pregnancy: Mother and Fetus: