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Kingdoms of the Yoruba (Studies in African History) ePub download

by Robert S. Smith

  • Author: Robert S. Smith
  • ISBN: 041684720X
  • ISBN13: 978-0416847208
  • ePub: 1820 kb | FB2: 1502 kb
  • Language: English
  • Category: Africa
  • Publisher: Methuen young books; 2nd edition (November 11, 1976)
  • Pages: 288
  • Rating: 4.9/5
  • Votes: 535
  • Format: lrf mbr doc lrf
Kingdoms of the Yoruba (Studies in African History) ePub download

The documented history of the Yoruba people begins with the Oyo Empire, which became dominant in the early 17th century. The older traditions of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife kingdom are largely oral in nature.

The documented history of the Yoruba people begins with the Oyo Empire, which became dominant in the early 17th century. The history of the Yoruba people begins in Ile-Ife. This kingdom was founded by the deities Oduduwa and Obatala, who are believed to have created the world. Oduduwa was the first divine king of the Yoruba people, and Obatala fashioned the first human beings out of clay.

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Kingdoms of the Yoruba book. If you are Nigerian, or someone going to do detailed studies of West African history, this book could prove useful, if a bit lacking in a wide overview

Kingdoms of the Yoruba book. If you are Nigerian, or someone going to do detailed studies of West African history, this book could prove useful, if a bit lacking in a wide overview. Cultural or economic life, any hint of anthropology, are almost entirely absent.

Robert Sidney Smith (31 January 1919 – 29 November 2009 in London, England) was an expert on the history of the Yoruba people of Nigeria and was a Senior Lecturer and then Professor of History at the universities of Lagos, Ife and Ibadan. He was born on 31 January 1919. For many years he lived near Kew Gardens in London and died in London on 29 November 2009. Smith studied and taught at the Institute of African Studies in the University of Ibadan in Nigeria from its foundation in 1962.

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The Yoruba Kingdom of Oyo', in Forde and Kaberry. Robert S. Smith was senior lecturer and professor of history at the Universities of Ibadan and Lagos, and the Obafemi Awolowo University, the three longest-established universities in the Yoruba-speaking part of Nigeria. Newbury, C. W. (1961). The Western Slave Coast and its Rulers. He is author of many works, including Warfare and Diplomacy in Pre-colonial West Africa and The Lagos Consulate, and is co-author with Professor . Ajayi of Yoruba Warfare in the Nineteenth Century.

Studying history and what historians have said about history involves first of all understanding the basis on which .

Studying history and what historians have said about history involves first of all understanding the basis on which claims are made. So it’s very important to understand the sort of source base which has been used to construct the narratives of the West African kingdoms which are found in this textbook. In the end, one of the most important reasons to study precolonial West African kingdoms is that they were key – and largely forgotten – agents in the construction of so much of modern societies.

Yoruba female figure Yoruba kneeling female figure, wood sculpture attributed to Areogun of Osi, Nigeria, late 19th or. .In a traditional Yoruba town the large and elaborate palace of the oba lies at the centre, and grouped around it are the compounds of the patrilineages

Yoruba female figure Yoruba kneeling female figure, wood sculpture attributed to Areogun of Osi, Nigeria, late 19th or early 20th century; in the Brooklyn Museum, New York. Photograph by Katie Chao. Brooklyn Museum, New York, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Gerofsky in honor of Ruth Lippman, 1992. In a traditional Yoruba town the large and elaborate palace of the oba lies at the centre, and grouped around it are the compounds of the patrilineages. The palace and the compounds are now often modern structures.

Ile-Ife, the ancient Yoruba city, which lies in present-day Osun state, southwestern Nigeria, is considered one of the largest and oldest towns of the Yoruba Kingdom. For the Yoruba, the holy city, founded around 500 . is the birthplace of humankind. It would become one of the most important chance finds in the history of African art. Although no photos of the excavations exist, historians have a good recollection of the excavation: The Wunmonije compound, then just behind the palace of the Ooni of Ife, formerly was located within the enclosing palace wall.

Cia
While I really want to know more about the Yourba culture, The is an excellent starting place. Mr Smith has his history down very well and as I mentioned it is an essential begining.
Coirad
It's true that I had only the sketchiest idea of Yoruba history. I knew that they were a people living in the southwestern section of Nigeria, that they had produced some great art and a number of talented writers of whom Wole Soyinka, the Nobel Prize winner, is the most famous. Nigerian music does not have to be explained ! The Yoruba have a good part in that too. But what were the antecedents ? I bought this book many years ago, in Australia, to help get a picture, but never read it till now. I must say that my knowledge, though increased, is still rather confused. It could be due to the fact that the Yoruba never lived in one, sole kingdom, but always in a welter of competing states and towns, rising and falling according to leadership or opportunity. That means that there are an enormous number of names (not exactly familiar to denizens of New England !) to remember. Names not only of the kingdoms, but of towns, regions, rivers, rulers, and warriors, names of peoples beyond the Yoruba world as well. The Nupe, Bini, Fon (Dahomeyan), Hausa and Fulani were the most formidable of these latter peoples. Mind-boggling confusion ensued for me as I tried to acquire an overall picture of what happened between say 1200 A.D. and the early 19th century when the first real reports were written. (The Portuguese had mentioned people who could have been Yoruba some time earlier.) The rulers of each kingdom took a different title, i.e. the Alafin of Oyo, the Ijoko of Kesi, the Ore of Otun, and so on. Try to remember all of them ! Comings and goings, battles, changes of town sites, betrayals and retreats--it was tough going. There are three maps which, under usual circumstances, I would say were pretty good, but the outside reader needs far more. "Help !" I cried, but no one came to the rescue.

The major problem in Yoruba history seems to have been that they didn't write. Smith, the author here, had to rely on oral histories, the recitals of tradition. He openly admits that this has its weaknesses. Mainly, nobody knows when events happened, when certain rulers ruled or if they even existed, when battles were fought or cities founded. It's all dependent on the memories of tradition-tellers. Well, fair enough, that's the material we have to deal with and Nigeria is hardly unique here. But as I look back on what I learned, I'm not sure whether such and such happened in the late 18th century or in the mid-16th. This is quite a discrepancy. That's the second reason I'm still rather confused. The 19th century wars, slave raids, and missionary activities are covered rather briefly, though more material would have been available. I concluded that Smith wrote primarily for Nigerian university students, who needed a textbook that would sum up what was known at the time. Perhaps you can find a more up-to-date volume. If you are Nigerian, or someone going to do detailed studies of West African history, this book could prove useful, if a bit lacking in a wide overview. Cultural or economic life, any hint of anthropology, are almost entirely absent.
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